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Prophecies of the Messiah – His Sufferings and Death

Prophecies of the Messiah – His Sufferings and Death

The Hebrew Scriptures
He shall bruise your head and you shall bruise His heel. (Genesis 3:15)

Surely He has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted…..

He was taken from prison and from judgement, and who will declare His generation? For He was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgressions of my people He was stricken. And they made His grave with the wicked – but with the rich at His death, because He had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth. (Isaiah 53:4,8,9)

My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?…

I am poured out like water, and all My bones are out of joint; My heart is like wax; It has melted within Me. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and My tongue clings to My jaws; You have brought Me to the dust of death. For dogs have surrounded Me; the congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me. They pierced My hands and My feet; I can count all My bones. They look and stare at Me. They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots. (Psalm 22:1, 14-18)

The New Testament

So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe. Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands. (John 19:1-3)

Then they crucified Him, and divided His garments, casting lots, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet: “They divided My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.” Sitting down, they kept watch over Him there. And they put up over His head the accusation written against Him: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then two robbers were crucified with Him, one on the right and another on the left. And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads and saying, “You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.” Likewise the chief priests also, mocking with the scribes and elders, said, “He saved others; Himself He cannot save. If He is the King of Israel, let Him now come down from the cross, and we will believe Him. He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now if He will have Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’ ” Even the robbers who were crucified with Him reviled Him with the same thing. Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”…….

A Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. (Matthew 27:35-46)

Quotations and Comments

“What is his [the Messiah’s] name?’ … The rabbis said: His name is ‘the leper scholar’ as it is written, ‘Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him a leper, smitten of God and afflicted’.” (Sanhedrin 98b, Babylonian Talmud)

“The cause is the slaying of Messiah Son of Joseph.”(Sukkah 52a, Babylonian Talmud) [Our note: These words from the Talmud are the conclusion of a discussion about why Israel mourns in Zechariah 12:12. They show how some Rabbis expected Messiah to die, and called him Son of Joseph, because Joseph suffered before becoming a great ruler.]

 

The Genesis passage tells us that, after humans first sinned, God’s very first announcement of deliverance was in terms of a suffering deliverer. Much later, Isaiah prophesies of Messiah (in the third person), telling us Messiah will die. In Psalm 22, David speaks in the first person of his own experience of suffering, teaching us to expect that Messiah, the Son of David, will likewise suffer. The second half of the Psalm records in Messianic terms the triumph that results from the suffering: “All the ends of the world shall remember and turn to the LORD.” (Psalm 22:27) This may be the least expected aspect of the work of the Messiah but the Tanakh speak loud and clear upon it. Yeshua suffered and died.