Prophecies of the Messiah – From the Tribe of Judah
The Hebrew Scriptures
The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh comes; and to Him shall be the obedience of the people. (Genesis 49:10)
The New Testament
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham: Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers…..
and Matthan begot Jacob. And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called Messiah. (Matthew 1:1-3, 15,16)
For it is evident that our Lord (Jesus) arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood. (Hebrews 7:14)
Quotations and Comments
“Although UNTIL SHILOH COMETH; this alludes to the royal Messiah. AND UNTO HIM SHALL THE OBEDIENCE (YIKHATH) OF THE PEOPLE BE: he [the Messiah] will come and set on edge (makheth) the teeth of the nations of the world.” (Midrash Rabbah, Genesis 98. 8)
The prophecy in Genesis was uttered by Jacob on his deathbed; it makes plain the particular tribe of Israel from which the deliverer would come. Although Joseph appeared pre-eminent among Jacob’s sons when these words were spoken – he was prime minister of Egypt at the time – yet it is Judah who is promised the line of royalty, which began with David and would come to its climax in Messiah. We may wonder, why Judah and not Joseph? The story of Joseph’s reconciliation with his brothers in Genesis 44 reveals the quality of Judah which God valued so highly – His willingness to give his life to save his brother Benjamin (Genesis 44:33). In God’s eyes, that excels being Prime Minister and feeding thousands. Yeshua did likewise – he died to save others.