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Prophecies of the Messiah – The Root and Offspring of Jesse

Prophecies of the Messiah – The Root and Offspring of Jesse

The Hebrew Scriptures
There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots… And in that day there shall be a Root of Jesse, Who shall stand as a banner to the people; For the Gentiles shall seek Him, And His resting place shall be glorious.” (Isaiah 11:1-10)

The New Testament
And when He had removed him, He raised up for them David as king, to whom also He gave testimony and said, “I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after My own heart, who will do all My will.” From this man’s seed, according to the promise, God raised up for Israel a Saviour — Jesus. (Acts 13:22-23)

I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star. (Revelation 22:16)

Quotations and Comments
“And there shall go forth a King from the Sons of Jesse, and the MESSIAH shall be anointed from his children’s children.” (Targum Jonathan, Isaiah 11:1-10)

 

Isaiah’s prophecy reveals the family in Judah from which the deliverer will come, focusing on Messiah’s connection to Jesse, David’s father. Why not just mention David? Surely this connection is to teach us Messiah’s humble origins. However, there is something more here than the well-known fact that Messiah is descended from Jesse. What is astonishing is that Jesse is somehow ‘descended’ from Messiah, as Messiah is the Root of Jesse! Here we are given a glimpse of Messiah’s pre-existence. Yeshua’s earthly family and origins were undoubtedly humble ones but in these words he spoke of other origins, “For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.”